Photos were taken from Actual SNP Sessions in one of the SNP sites established in Dinahican, Infanta, Quezon.
Background on establishment of SNP or Supervised Neigborhood Play.
Majority of 0-5 years old children in the covered areas of REINA have limited access to quality early childhood stimulating activities as service rendered in the home-based ECD or the so called Supervised Neighborhood Play (SNP). The peculiarity of the problem identified is focused on the lack of services appropriate to children 0-4 years old and children who are already 4-5 years old but do not have access to either home-based or center-based ECD. Aggravated by much difficult circumstances are those Indigenous People’s (IP) children settled in the remote areas due to the semi-nomadic cultural way of life of their families who do not have totally an access to such ECD services. Further, in the 26 covered areas of ReINa Federation, IP communities with an estimated 100 families thrived in the areas of Catablingan in Nakar and Tignoan in Real. Others are temporary settled in far and remote areas of the Sierra Madre Mountain.
Clearly in the program of the local government, the bias in promoting ECD is center-based which required an infrastructure called the Day Care Center and is available only to children 4-5 years old in preparation to formal schooling in elementary level. Unfortunately, day care centers are not even installed in all of the covered areas of ReINa. Therefore, even those children ready for preparatory education are deprived of access to ECD services including the IP children. The problem is further manifested in terms of lack of trained facilitators; lack of parental education that will improve child rearing practices; lack of support from the mandated structure at the barangay or village level; and lack of instructional materials and methodologies appropriate to children in order to address tendencies of developmental delays due to lack of early childhood stimulating activities.
According to the result of LQAS, 69.2% of 0-3 years old do not have access to home-based ECD services because it is not a priority of the local mandated structure; and 40% of children 4-5 years old are not prepared to go to school because a day care center is not installed in the area or too far to visit by children and their caregivers. However, data pertaining to the accessibility of services among IP children is not yet established and therefore requires further research and studies.
Worth to mention that over the last 6 years, the ReINa Federation was successful in establishing SNP sites in certain covered areas. 562 of children 2-5 years old attended SNP sessions and were able to advance in their development and excel when they are already in primary schools.ten (10) oout of moren than 50 SNP volunteers trained are still active and regularly conduct sessions; and 12 SNP sites were installed with instructional materials and equipment. However, several challenges are noted in technical reviews quoted:
For the ECCD outcome objective – i.e. increase access of children aged 0-5 to quality ECCD services, whether home-based or center-based programs – has been constrained on two fronts. The first concerns the failure of supported DCCs to pass DSWD accreditation standards. This development does not augur well for poor households seeking to avail of regular direct cash subsidies under the DSWD’s Conditional Cash Transfer program, whose availment is premised among others on the poor households’ enrollment of their children aged 0-5 in accredited day care centers. Since day care centers supported by the federation remain unaccredited, poor households are in effect deprived of the accompanying CCT-based incentive to enroll their children in day care centers in general, which is correspondingly expected to stunt coverage of children aged 0-5 in ECCD services.
On the other hand, the federation’s parallel track for increasing access of children aged 0-5 to ECCD services — through the establishment of SNP sites in areas unserved by center-based ECCD programs – is plagued by irregular conduct of classes and the growing number of PVs/SNP facilitators that are quitting their posts to entertain other job opportunities. Weak monitoring mechanisms and the failure of BLGUs to appropriate funds for allowances of PVs are apparently causing demoralization that are manifested in the irregularity of the conduct of SNP classes and the resignation of PVs, and tends to lead towards impressions of unreliability of SNP to deliver appropriate home-based ECCD services. (REINA 2009-2011: Early Childhood Care and Development (ECCD)System Building Project Review)
Despite the challenges mentioned above, the ReINa Federation is persistent to improve its services. With the remaining 12 SNP sites functional in several areas, results are significant to children and their families and also the SNP volunteers who remained committed thru the years.
Thus, over the next 3rd ASP cycle of ReINa Federation, early childhood stimulation of 0-5 children including those IP children in the covered areas of ReINa will be prioritized to focus on home-based ECD or SNP service which is currently not a priority project of the local government.
Describe the situation of the specific target group, organize by using DEV
Thin, inactive and withdrawn faces of poverty which were identified in the previous ASP are modified. Based on the reviews, outputs to address thinness among children has already been satisfied. Acknowledged as well is that the LGUs involved in addressing the physiological health and development of children aged 0-5 years old have already taken this as a priority. Thus, the new ASP will prioritize inactive and withdrawn faces of poverty.